1st P.h.D in Chemistry

(April 16, 1921-October 28, 2003)

Marie Maynard Daly

The first African American woman to earn a Ph.D. in chemistry.

Marie M. Daly was born in 1921 in Corona, New York. Her parents inspired her passion for science; her mother fostered her love of books and her father passed on his love of chemistry. Before Marie was born, her father had enrolled at Cornell University to study chemistry, but ultimately had to leave due to a lack of money.

Marie’s parents were strong believers in education at a time when attending college was seen as impossible to many African Americans. As a woman of color, Marie overcame financial, gender, and racial hurdles. Hence, after graduating from Hunter College High School, an all-girls institution in New York City, Marie attended Queens College in Flushing, New York, where she majored in chemistry choosing to live at home in order to save money.

Marie graduated magna cum laude in 1942 with a Bachelor’s degree in chemistry and was offered a fellowship to pursue her graduate studies at New York University, whilst working part-time as a laboratory assistant at Queens College. Marie completed her Master’s degree in just one year.

In 1944, Marie enrolled at Columbia University as a doctoral student, where she undertook research into compounds the body produces and how these affect digestion. Working under the direction of Dr. Mary L Caldwell (the first female assistant professor at Columbia University), Marie completed her PhD with a thesis entitled “A study of the products formed by the action of pancreatic amylase on corn starch”.

In 1947, she became the first African American woman in the United States to be awarded a PhD in chemistry.

Dr. Daly made important contributions in four areas of research: the chemistry of histones, protein synthesis, the relationships between cholesterol and hypertension, and creatine’s uptake by muscle cells.

Dr. Marie Maynard Daly, whose pioneering research resulted in a new understanding of the relationship between high cholesterol and clogged arteries. In fact, Dr. Daly’s work helped to shape much of what we now know about the biochemical aspects of cardiovascular health, identifying the link between high cholesterol levels and cardiovascular disease, which led to a better understanding of the causes of heart attacks.

Dr. Daly continued to teach and carry out pioneering research at Albert Einstein College, including the study into the effects of cigarette smoking on the lungs, until she retired in 1986.

Notably, Dr. Daly made significant contributions to the field of biochemistry while also advocating for increased enrollment of students of color in medical schools and science graduate programs. In honor of her father, she even created a scholarship program for minority students pursuing science degrees at Queens College.

In 1999, Dr. Marie Maynard Daly was recognized by the National Technical Association as one of the top 50 women in Science, Engineering and Technology.

Dr. Daly died on October 28, 2003.

Dr. Marie Maynard Daly’s impact on future generations of scientists extends far beyond her scientific contributions—her memory continues to inspire individuals from all walks of life to pursue careers in STEM.

Reference for post:

sciencehistory.org

undark.org

blackpast.org

africanamericanscientist.com

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I miss you,

I really do.

I may not

talk to you

everyday, or

be grace by

your presence

in my zone

conversely

acknowledging

the recoil

resistance to

reach out to you

anymore

but…

my heart and spirit

with compassion

and admiration

for you

will eternally be

a prominent

part of my life

So…

missing

You,

will never change.

Pouring Out Disclosures

Born from

sin

punished

to not

fit-in

anywhere

but

in

seclusion

at least

it was

an illusion

as a little girl…

A mother

hatred

to her

“ragdoll”

daughter

she used

to call me…

Dragged

anytime

out of bed

by

my hair

and

whopped

decent

was her

reasoning…

Bruises

given by both

insignificant

folks

classified

as my

parents on

a birth

certificate

stamp

“a magnificent baby girl”

stuck into

a

home world

to be

uptight,

frightened

and

mislead

with a

brown wooden

cross

hanging over

my bed…

Mistake

to misspoke

once to a

school

counselor

brushing

with danger

telling my

black marks

on my arm

wasn’t from

paint

but

out of anger…

Trained to

look down

and

no eye contact

was the

rules

if anybody

had questions

those

folks

were quick

to fool…

Dealt to

deal with

a slip tongue

consequence

alone

in a room

that

was

a cell

of confusion

isolated

for

their

amusement

growing up…

Making

privacy

my adult

choice.

Listening to the New Generation

Ebony Brown

from

B-town

at

thirteen

off the bus

girls grabbed

pushed

and

talked slick

to

punches

flying

Left fist

to right eye,

right fist

to the rib,

in self-defense

she came

running

to

my crib.

Ebony Brown

was weird

preferred to be

alone,

mom

never home,

never

knew her dad,

reading

around school

was really

all

she

had.

To my door

crying

from

frustrations

open arms

to listening

ears

she stay

the night

for

guidance

talking,

and

knowledge

dropping,

her off

to school

in the morning

Afterschool,

an extra mile

walked

to share

a smile

and our day

making sure

Ebony Brown

got home

safe and okay

until,

she moved

away

graduating at the

Top

of her class

She wrote: Because of You.

Auntie Knows…

Throwback requested by my nieces and nephews striving for their dreams. Keep pushing…Auntie love you. ✌&💖 JGomez

A gifted blessing

of Love

watching

you

grow to

Succeed

Humbly

to the

highest

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Curious

of those

whose face

looks

you

up and down

from your head

to your toes

to be in

your business

to used thee.

Dream

riders

self-esteem

killers

Too many

judges

holding on

to nasty

grudges

living their life

stirring up

strife.

Be confident

with yourself

within yourself

for

Your life’s

journey

not

what others

expected to see.

Sincerely

Throwback: Dedicated to My Sista locking down her time and all the other Sistas and Bros in locked up… keep your head up fam.✌&💖 JGomez

Wiping

her face

tears

flow

more and more

sitting

between

a glass

barrier

hated to

see me

but glad I was there.

Limited

cash flow

in a

poverty hood

caught up

in a rectangular

web fighting

greed, power,

reputation and herself.

She fought battles

beast mode, fist slam

like Kimbo Slice.

She never smiled

hard faced

she didn’t

trust sugary

candied fruit con

in compassionate foolery.

Written letter she

wrote to me

15 years confined

to penitentiary.

First-class post

stamps in envelope

sent back, and

money posted to

her comissinary account.

Talking,

her voice tremble

frivolous irritation

degraded.

My own blood…,

visitation time

was up

loyalty

Stood.

Disintegrate Elsewhere

Apology denied!

Time equals

no actions

from you.

Early childhood

broken

promises

on a Re-Run

but my given name

ain’t J.J.

Last seen by

You

manipulating

Hate

for me

mixing in family feuds

for options

to divide.

Clever me

gripping scissors

I cut ties.

Tired of you

using your

acting lessons

that your

A Father

you

supposed to be

since birth to me

but

you decided to flee.

At age eight,

I knew you couldn’t relate

to me

or be

family straight

waiting for you for hours

looking outside the window

at green grass and flowers

to Not see you appear

Yea…you made things clear.

You have proven your

words aren’t true.

Disappointment and lies

each tear

I realized

you are becoming

the person

all others despise

Missing-In-Action.